George Frederick Stout

Professor of Logic and Metaphysics, University of St Andrews

(1) Mind and Matter (2) God and Nature

 In his first lecture series, Stout explores the metaphysical difficulties surrounding two fundamental ideas of philosophy: the existence of the mind and the existence of the material world. In his second lecture series, Stout addresses the following questions: ‘What is the ultimate nature of the all-inclusive Universe and what consequently is the status and destiny of human beings as part of it?’ He argues that it is possible to observe nature and assess the characteristics of its whole.


George Frederick Stout was born on 6 January 1860 in South Shields, England. A philosopher and psychologist, his Manual of Psychology (1898) became a well-known textbook. Elected Fellow of St John’s College, Cambridge in 1884, Stout became Editor of Mind in 1891, making it Britain’s leading philosophical journal. He renewed his fellowship at Cambridge and was appointed Lecturer in Moral Sciences in 1894. In 1898, Stout was named Wilde Reader in Mental Philosophy at Oxford, and in 1903, he was elected Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at St Andrews, a position he relinquished in 1936. 

Elected Fellow of the British Academy in 1903, Stout received honorary degrees from the universities of Aberdeen, Durham, and St Andrews. Recognised for his outstanding intellectual ability, Stout became the first Anderson Lecturer in Comparative Psychology at the University of Aberdeen in 1896. As President of the Aristotelian Society, he was known for his contribution to Trope Theory. Notable works include Analytic Psychology (1896), Manual of Psychology (2 vols., 1898), and Studies in Philosophy and Psychology (1930).

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